In practice, two means of developing violets from seeds have been used: sowing seeds immediately in the open floor or pre-cultivation of germ. The latter procedure is considered more successful, since when using it, it is possible to get flowering plants in the present year.
To get high quality planting cloth, sowing seedlings should be carried out of the last decade of February or in March. To carry out such actions after mid-spring is not wise, since the seeds have been sown in the open field in the past decade of April or in early May.
Pre-prepared and calibrated seeds could be sown in any container, including plastic cups, cassettes, cuts of plastic bottles or food packaging. All components are required in equal proportions and blended thoroughly.
When using the standard method of sowing, shallow furrows, roughly 3-5 millimeters, are made in the nutrient strand using a pencil, the distance between the rows is approximately 1 centimeter. Then the seeds are placed in the holes every 2 centimeters and covered with soil. Now, it is necessary to water the crops with water and cover the container with translucent film. Care for seedlings
The first sprouts of pansies usually appear in 7-10 days in the time of sowing. A afterward sprouting of seeds comes from the instances of:
- The use of older planting material;
- in case of filling the seeds with a thick coating of soil;
- when employing a nutrient substrate of the incorrect composition, for example, clay soil.
Growing violets from seedswhen to plant, planting and maintenance, species and types
At the spring period, the direct rays of sunlight pansies aren’t afraid, therefore containers with seedlings may be put even in the southern part of the flat surface. After sprouting, the violet has quite strong stalks, but that does not mean that you will need to immediately get rid of the film from the container.
Viola requires a fantastic watering, but moistening the soil ought to be completed as the top coating dries. To carry out such measures, it’s worth using rain or melt water. Normal tap water should preferably stand for 2-3 days. Plants are terrified of overwatering, since a higher concentration of water in the soil may cause rotting of their flower roots. Deciding up violets
Transplant young plants to new containers should be when the first two leaves are formed. Pansies aren’t terrified of transplanting, they take root into an fresh nutritious substrate despite slight damage to the root system, which sometimes occurs when the plant is removed from the container. Such violets are a little slower in evolution, but the overall performance is not affected.
To receive a quality healthy flower, such civilizations when picking at a new container are deepened into the cotyledons, which will give a chance to find extra roots on the underground portion of the stemcells. Pruning
This kind of event as stem pruning allows you to reach a better tillering of the civilization. Such steps are completed after the look of 5-6 actual leaves.
Planting of backyard violets in a permanent place is dependent on the climatic characteristics of a particular area. moyakovka.ru Such actions should be performed with the onset of stable warm weather in the past ten years of April or at the very first days of May. For planting the flower allocate a well sunlit area.
After digging the ground for every planting hole, then add crushed charcoal at medium fraction of 200 g and the identical amount of humus. Viola develops well in soils comprising peat, humus and sod dirt in equal proportions with an addition of half the sand.
During transplanting into a permanent place, prepared seedlings are put on the plot every 15-20 centimeters. Cultures are sunk to the previously dug holes and covered with soil. Then compact the ground around the bushes and water that the plants with warm water. When developing backyard violets, it’s essential to separate the bushes in the plantings every 3 years.
Maybe not every gardener will want to take care of the farming of pansies seedlings, because it’s quite a troublesome undertaking. In this aspect, many flower growers sow seeds directly into the floor. In cases like this, the flowering of violets will begin in late summer or in September. To acquire the flowering of the culture the next calendar year, in spring, the seeds should be sown in August.